Latest News From Education

Feeding High-Magnesium Minerals to Cows Calving on Winter Pastures

There is considerable variation in the mineral composition of small grain forages, depending on management, growth conditions, and soil mineral content.

Prevent Overstocking to Protect Cow Health

The combination of overcrowding and feed restriction can have profound negative consequences on rumen pH.

Address Competition for Feed, Water

While competition is great on the football field or basketball court, dairy cows forced to compete for feed and water is a no-win proposition.

Sexten: Same Goal, New Tools

When we break sustainability down to the operational goal of optimizing resources, we realize increased productivity per cow and optimum stocking rate per acre are the actual problems we need to address. 

Asian Longhorned Tick Arrives in 17 States, Calves are Especially Vulnerable

The tick transmits Theileria orientalis to many animal species, including cattle, pigs, horses, sheep and goats. Death occurs in up to 5% of affected animals, according to Washington State University scientists.

Could Autofeeders Help Detect Calf Disease?

More and more farms have made the switch from feeding calves individually to group autofed systems. However, disease detection in group-housed calves remains a challenge. Could autofeeders help detect sick calves?

A Stepped-Down Approach to Weaning

Dairy farmers and calf raisers have tried to adapt calves to solid calf starter as soon as possible to save money. If this is done poorly, calf raising costs can soar due to increased levels of sickness and even death.

A Healthy Herd Equals a Healthy Bottom Line: The experts weigh in

Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), also known as pinkeye, is a complicated and costly disease for beef and dairy producers

Cold Weather Nutrition for Beef Cows

Feed requirements of cows during winter weather varies, depending on body condition, temperature, moisture, and hair coat. The Mesonet Cattle Comfort Advisor helps calculate how much feed is necessary.

Are Cow Noses the New Fingerprint to Unlocking Livestock Facial Recognition?

Similar to human fingerprints, cow noses are detailed, nearly unique, difficult to change, and remain the same over the life of an individual, making them ideal long-term markers of identity.

Feed Cows at Night to Produce More Calves in Daylight

Calving during daylight means calves are born during times of warmer temperatures, cows calving are easier to find and provide assistance if needed and accordingly, more calves saved and alive

9 out of 10 veterinarians cite increased stress levels in new research report

A wide-ranging Veterinary Wellbeing Study is the third such survey Merck Animal Health has conducted since 2017. Veterinarians say they are dealing with increased stress levels and more concerns about student debt.

The 411 on Anti-caking Agents

Anti-caking agents make the pellet manufacturing process easier, and can help prevent ground feeds from doming, bridging, and sticking to equipment.

Michigan State University to host 6th International Symposium on Beef Cattle Welfare as a Webinar Series

The Sixth International Symposium on Beef Cattle Welfare will take place virtually as a series of monthly webinars held on the fourth Wednesday from February to June from 2-4 p.m. Eastern.

Categorize Neonatal Calf Enteritis to Guide Therapy Decisions

Of the seven different "primary causes" of enteritis, some can have a good prognosis while others will be guarded or poor, depending on the prescribed treatment and how quickly treatment is implemented.

Winter Supplementation of Beef Calves – When Supplementation Doesn’t Pay

Many producers assume providing minimal protein supplementation to target approximately 1.0 pound/day gain during the winter is the most economical system. However, research data would suggest otherwise.

The Importance of Colostrum

Colostrum plays a large role in the health of a newborn calf. Preparing for calving season starts well before the first calf hits the ground.

Calf Hernia Repair in the Field

Hernias in young calves can often be addressed surgically in the field. But before taking that step, evaluate whether the case you face is one you can correct with lasting success.

Crypto in Calves: Better Managed with a Shovel than a Needle

As one of the top scourges to calf raisers, cryptosporidium is an ever-present challenge that rarely takes a holiday.

Does Dam Health Affect Daughter Performance? Maybe Not

Have you ever had a cow come down with a disease while she was pregnant? Probably so. But does that illness impact the calf? Maybe not.

Six Ways to Help Preweaned Dairy Calves Succeed in Group Housing

Factors for consideration include colostrum management, group composition and dynamics, bedding and space, nutritional management, early disease detection and the need for "real life" observations.

Save Money With Alternative Sources of Phosphorus

Cattle producers may have a few options available to offset the rising costs of adding phosphorus to their herd’s diet, a Kansas State University beef systems specialist said.

Diet Considerations to Prevent Displaced Abomasa

Incidence rates for displaced abomasum (DA) range from 1% to 6%, and up to 90% of DA's happen within the first 30 days in milk.

A Healthy Calf starts with Fetal Viability and Well-Being

Evaluate and monitor pregnant cows and heifers that are under any stress. That could be stress associated with transport movement or disease, if that animal is suffering from a system illness or some viral infection.

Light can have a 'Huge Impact' on Milk Production

Seasonal changes in day length can have a huge impact in milk production, ranging from 5 lb/cow/day in the northern United States to 8 to 9 lb/day in the south.

Feedipedia – The Global Animal Feed Resource

As feed prices currently challenge U.S. livestock producers, Feedipedia can be a resource for incorporating non-traditional feedstuffs into innovative rations.

Incorporating Alfalfa in Forage Systems

Alfalfa is the third-highest crop for economic returns in the U.S. and is a feed source for that can reduce the need for costly nutritional supplements when cattle are primarily feed other types of diets.

The Liver Functionality Index: A Measure of Transition-cow Health

The intricacies of transition-cow nutrition and its role in lactation success may be made a bit easier with the Liver Functionality Index.

7 Transition Period Diseases that Cost Your Clients the Most

Michal Lunak, Extension Educator for Penn State, addresses the seven most common -- and costly -- management diseases that occur during the cow’s transition period on U.S. dairies

10 Early Interventions to Help Sick Calves

The natural inclination to manage calf diseases solely with a needle and a bottle is trumped by a host of other care methods that can guide calves on the road to recovery.

The Three Stages of Parturition

The calendar will soon turn to a New Year, and spring calving season will be approaching. The more we know about the physiology of the process, the more likely we are to make sound decisions about providing assistance.

Driven to Sustainability

Corporate commitments are a response to consumers and investors.

More Rest for Dry Cows May Equal More Live Calves

It appears that making sure dry cows are comfortable and encouraged to rest influences the survival of their newborns.

These 7 Transition Period Diseases are Costing You Money

Here’s a breakdown of just how much these seven transition period diseases could be costing you.

Focus on Late-Gestation Nutrition for Calves That Thrive

Keep your sight on nutrition that optimizes fetal development in the final trimester.

Maximizing the Use of Genetic Data Will Pay Dividends

Understanding and valuing genetic data can present a daunting task to seedstock and commercial producers. Panelists were asked to describe how they use genetic data to navigate breeding decisions and market cattle.

Vaccine Handling and Storage

The highest quality vaccine that producers purchase may be of little value if not handled and stored properly.  Don't overlook key principles when preparing and administering vaccines and other animal health products.

Stay Proactive with Your Dairy Reproductive Program

To keep an efficient and profitable reproductive program humming, proactive reproductive management practices need to be practiced daily.

New Cattle Vaccination Guidelines Offered by AABP

The 32-page document can help veterinarians counsel beef and dairy clients on vaccination strategies. Included are vaccine label information, categories, core vaccines, storage and handling recommendations and more.

Award-Winning U of I Professor Uses Jazz Hands to Teach Animal Science

When students walk into Anna Dilger’s classroom, they can expect play dough, cartoons and dancing. But her students aren’t kindergartners; they’re college students. And they’re learning from one of the best.

6 Steps to help You Assess Fetal Calf Loss

About 1% of pregnancies annually is the standard of acceptable herd-wide loss, according to Cameron Knight, veterinary pathologist at the University of Calgary.

Head Off Mastitis Before Heifers Enter the Milking Herd

There’s not a clear answer to why heifers contract the disease, though studies have shown that teat canals of heifer calves can become colonized at very young ages.

Reduced Forages, High Feed Costs Make Limit Feeding A Good Option this Fall

The basic principle of limit feeding is to feed corn (or other concentrated energy source) and a supplement in just enough quantity to meet the animal’s requirement for maintenance or a targeted level of weight gain.

Give Feed Efficiency The Focus It Deserves

Feed efficiency is a key profit driver. Genetics and genetic tools exist to build cattle that are highly efficient and meet or exceed the carcass quality targets that earn packer premiums and satisfy consumers.

New Systems and Tools Available to Help Detect Mastitis Faster

Early mastitis detection is often the key to reducing the impact of the disease in a dairy herd. There are a number of technologies to help address the issue.

Rumens Might Hold the Keys to Plastic Recycling

The rumen may be taking center stage in digesting another global challenge: plastics

Preparing Cows for Winter and Spring Calving

Reproductive efficiency is highly correlated to nutrition. The target Body Condition Score going into calving season is 5.5 for the mature cow and 6 for first calf heifers.

Prussic Acid in Warm Season Annuals

With the average frost date upon us, prussic acid will be (or already is) an issue in certain forages. Prussic acid is found when susceptible plants are under drought conditions or after a light frost.

Guidelines for when Livestock Owners need to Call Their Veterinarian

Many cattle owners wonder how to determine if and when an animal needs veterinary attention. These are some guidelines you might want to consider passing along to your clients for consideration.

Watch Liquid Feed Temps when Mercury Drops

Wintry weather demands extra attention for preweaned calves, and that includes the temperature of their liquid feedings.