Latest News From Education

Supplementing Yearlings in the Summer Grazing Season: Is it Worth it?

Strategically supplementing yearlings with dry distillers grains in the second half of the summer as the grass quality declines will increase average daily gain (ADG), but will it increase returns?

Calves Can Be Picky About Trace Minerals

Trace minerals are important to calves’ development, but these nutritional components can vary in source. It turns out some trace minerals are more palatable than others, resulting in differences in consumption.

Pour Hydration to Heat-stressed Calves

Extra water – along with a possible electrolyte boost -- is never more important than in the heat of summer.

Growth Promoting Technologies Important with High Input Costs

Growth promoting technologies for cattle provide even more impact on net returns when costs are high.

Livestock Producers Report Being Just Days Away From Running Out of Feed Due to Shipping Rail Issues

Bottlenecks along U.S. railways are growing more severe. Not only are feed users on the West Coast on the brink of running out of grain, but there are also concerns the rail issues could grow worse during harvest.

Good Enough to Drink?

Providing access to water can be challenging especially for operations enduring drought conditions. Water related toxicities and fatalities may be seen with greater frequency under hot and dry time periods.

Unnecessary Calving Assistance Could be Causing Metritis

Providing assistance too early during stage II labor may result in an increased risk of metritis.

Keep Cow Handling to a Minimum During Hot Weather

As the thermometer starts to creep its way into the upper 80s, 90s or even the 100°F mark, nobody wants to put in physical work during the hottest part of the day - cows included.

Vaccination Should Do No Harm

Researchers have looked at the immune response of young calves to vaccination, but little data exists on the physical or physiological effects of vaccination in very young calves. Results from a new study could help.

Feeding Behavior Can Signal Issues with Feed Quality, Management

Paying attention to feed-bunk behaviors can alert dairy producers to issues with diet, feed management or delivery that impact health and performance.

Help Create a Destiny

The Pygmalion effect, or Rosenthal effect, is a practical way you can mentor and support clients and their employees.

High Temperatures Take a Toll on Fed Cattle. DVM Weighs In

A heat index crisis hit in southwest Kansas on June 11. Cattle were lost. Dr. Tera Barnhardt, DVM, MS, shared what happened to educate people and counter misinformation. Our condolences to those affected by the tragedy.

Helping Cattle Cope with Summer Heat

After seeing the devastation of a major heat stress event, consider these strategies to help mitigate heat stress issues in the herd.

Effective Strategies to Control Internal Parasites

Research has shown weaning weights can be increased by over 30 pounds and pregnancy rates by over 10% by deworming cows in the spring and again in mid-summer.

Heat Warnings Sweep Across U.S.: What You Should Know

This week, dangerous heat is sweeping across Texas to Wisconsin to Ohio to Georgia.

Parlor Waiting Time Not Highly Correlated with Activity and Resting Behaviors

A recent study at a northern Colorado dairy showed whether cows had to wait a long time to be milked or a little did not have much impact on their subsequent activity and resting behavior.

Managing and Measuring Heat Stress

The time of consistent heat stress is upon us. Heat-stressed cows produce less milk, have reduced fertility, and have higher SCC. Providing proper heat abatement can have both an economic and welfare impact on the farm.

Post-Mortem: What is this Metabolic Problem?

These images depict a steer calf that had been on feed for 272 days with no treatment history when it was found dead in the pen.

How to Mimic the Perks of Transition Milk

We now know the beneficial influence of feeding transition milk to calves. Is there a way to deliver that nutritional and immunological support and bypass the tedious process of harvesting and feeding transition milk?

Act Now To Add Value To Weaned Calves

Producers can capture added value by preconditioning and weaning their calves. Along with weaning at least 45 days, preconditioning includes several practices that add value for both the buyer and seller.

Managing Heat Stress: How to Help Cattle Through High Summer Temps

In hot summer conditions, heat transfer failures cause accumulation of body heat resulting in heat stress, reduced performance, animal discomfort, or death. Here's some tips to help get your cattle through high temps!

When ‘Summer Pinkeye’ Strikes

Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis can take a toll on cattle, especially calves. Three bovine veterinarians provide their insights on diagnosing the problem and when to use and not use antibiotics for treatment.

Creep Grazing Offers Benefits

Creep grazing programs can produce additional calf gains using forage rather than the traditional grain-based creep diets. There are many ways to adapt this system to each individual situation.

Meeting Water Needs of Cattle in the Feedlot

Late May and June typically produce the first heat events of the season when temperature, humidity and feed intake will significantly impact water consumption by feedlot cattle.

Do's and Don'ts for Calf Hernia Repair in the Field

Know when to cut and when to run. With the former, Amanda Hartnack, DVM, recommends fixing those hernias in the field that are no larger than 10 to 15 centimeters.   

4 Ways to help Producers Prevent 'Milk Fever' and Minimize Cow Culling

Jesse Goff, Iowa State University dairy veterinarian and professor, attributes hypocalcemia, including the subclinical stage, to metabolic alkalosis. He says the issue has to do with potassium in forages being fed.   

Make the Right Moves to Minimize Injury Risks 

Proper body mechanics are important to helping bovine veterinarians minimize injuries on the job. Here are six ways to minimize physical wear and tear as you go about your work.

What Are My Options When I Am Out of Grass?

As drought continues in the Great Plains, producers are making hard decisions about cowherd management and feeding options, but cost of production and opportunity costs must be carefully evaluated.

The 411 on Festulolium

Its name sounds like something that belongs in the pages of a Dr. Seuss book. But festulolium actually is a highly useful hybrid forage grass – the result of a cross between fescue grass and ryegrass.

Best Practices for Post-Mortems

Three bovine veterinarians share some of their best practices, tools and insights for conducting necropsies more effectively and efficiently. 

New Veterinary App, Website to Track Disease Symptoms

Developed by a team of veterinarians, students and regulatory agencies, the app will help rural practitioners evaluate problems in the field and determine whether issues they see are part of a greater pattern.

Tools Of The Trade for In-Field Necropsies

The right tools can make quick work of a routine necropsy, according to Dr. Dee Griffin. The opposite is true, too. He says buy a motorized sharpener, a single bit ax and. of course, the best knives you can afford.

Look for Asian Longhorned Ticks and other Tick Species this Summer

Asian longhorned ticks are moving across the U.S. Calves are particularly vulnerable to them. Of course, a variety of tick species are problematic for cattle and need to be addressed each year.

7 Steps to Start Calves on Starter

The sooner calves eat enough dry feed to sustain themselves, the better equipped they are to bridge the nutritional gap between the fixed liquid ration and a weaned diet of solely dry feeds.

50% of Bulls Fail BSEs due to Poor Sperm Morphology

Check out the photographs of nine common problems Dr. Ahmed Tibary, Washington State University, says he most often sees in the sperm of bulls that fail breeding soundness exams.

3 Considerations to Feed Dry Cows with less Expense

All feed types are costing more, and there's no way around that. However, several management practices can be used to potentially lower costs without sacrificing cow health or the animal's next lactation.

Hidden Sources of Feed Shrink that Affect Cow Performance

Dr. Pedro Melendez, a veterinarian and dairy specialist at Texas Tech University, addresses five sources of shrink that can cause substantial losses in terms of feed used, ration formulation and poor performance.

5 Practices to help Dairy Producers reduce Somatic Cell Counts

To help producers obtain a lower SCC, it is important to know what you are up against in the herd and how to treat for specific problems, says Peter Edmondson, DVM.

Benefits of Estrus Synchronization and Artificial Insemination

Estrus synchronization can be an important management tool to get cows settled as early in the breeding season as possible and get cows bred to bulls with highest possible genetic value.

Prime Time for Fighting Flies

Flies are a nuisance and contribute to lost productivity on the dairy. Controlling flies requires an integrated management plan that includes inspection, sanitation, treatment and monitoring. 

3 Health Considerations for Cow/Calf Confinement Operations 

While most beef production operations are still pasture-based, confinement facilities are gaining traction in the U.S. With them come a host of routine health concerns for veterinarians and producers.

How to Calculate Your Personal Inflation Rate

See how rising costs impact you and your family.

“Hybrid” Approach Helps Maximize Colostrum Quality

Maternal colostrum is often considered nature’s “perfect food.” But does this “free” resource help calves achieve passive immunity as reliably as the guaranteed ingredients in a bag of colostrum replacer?

Hormone can Reduce Pregnancy Loss after Embryo Transfer

Progesterone is a key hormone in the establishment and maintenance of a pregnancy. Increasing its concentration can boost pregnancy rates and decrease pregnancy losses after embryo transfer.

Cattle Vaccination-Why is it so Hard to Understand?

Vaccination plans are only one pillar in an effective herd health program and should be viewed as a mechanism to minimize risk of disease.

Supplying Water Needs for Beef Cattle

Addressing the water needs of cattle is a complex process depending on water quality, weather patterns, time of day, feed moisture content, and animal factors such as bodyweight and stage of production.

New Bulls Benefit from Nutritional Support and Monitoring

Bulls don't always transition well from one farm to the next. Some extra TLC could mean the difference in whether that animal stays in good condition and maintains good sperm quality and quantity or struggles to adjust.

Targeting Anaplasmosis with Medicated Mineral Supplementation

A commonly used and predictable method of addressing anaplasmosis is by incorporating a feed-grade chlortetracycline in the animal’s feed or mineral supplements. When prescribing one, consider the product formulation.

Two Veterinarians Talk Calf Care

Young calves continue to dot fields across the country. To help offer young calves a healthy start, Tony Hawkins, DVM, and Ray Shultz, DVM, shared some tips.

Managing Pastures with High Fertilizer Prices and Drought

An emergency preparedness plan can assist a cattlemen’s ability to respond to varying threats.  Developing a disaster plan is a good idea for both people and all the animals they care for on a farm or ranch.