Latest News From Veterinary Research

Researchers Hope To 'Predict and Prevent' Future Pandemics

Ohio State University scientists are looking for SARS-CoV-2 in animals and the environment.

Universities Partner to Study Antimicrobial Use in Food Animal Production

Kansas State University & University of Minnesota researchers collaborate with the FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine and food animal industries to evaluate systems for collecting and evaluating antimicrobial use data.

 If the industry could put together all the best parts of the genome, significant production increases could be made.
'Huge Advancements' In Dairy Possible Through Genetics

If the industry could put together all the best parts of the genome, significant production increases could be made.

Feeder heifers
Texas Tech Investigates Antimicrobial Resistance in High-Risk Cattle

An award to Texas Tech from USDA is part of a near-$3 million investment from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture to mitigate antimicrobial resistance across the food chain.

Virginia Tech Testing Bee-Friendly Forage Material

Fescue is hardy, but can harbor a fungus that causes health issues for cattle. It also crowds out native plants, which can harm pollinator populations. A Virginia Tech study aims to solve both problems.

This high-resolution structure of the immature Zika virus discovered by Purdue scientists provides insights important to the development of effective antiviral treatments and vaccines. The tools used to solve this structure also will help advance animal health care through research in structural biology, microbiome discovery and protein evolution that Purdue and Elanco are collaboratively conducting.  
Purdue, Elanco Announce Animal-Health Partnership

The partnership allows Elanco to work side-by-side with Purdue’s leading life science research scientists.

Scout poses with members of UW Veterinary Care’s radiation oncology and anesthesia services during the commercial shoot. From left: Clinical Assistant Professor Michelle Turek and certified veterinary technicians Abigail Jones, Jennifer Borgen, Ashley Onsager and Molly Sehloff. 
“Lucky Dog” Super Bowl Ad Promotes UW Vet School

Viewers of Super Bowl LIV will endure a variety of over-the-top ads for otherwise undistinguished beer, trucks, fast food, other beer, insurance plans, more trucks, politicians and even the demise of a cartoon peanut.  

Mechanisms for transmission of CWD prions among captive or wild cervids are not fully understood.
Researchers Find CWD Proteins in Deer Semen

In research with potential implications for breeders and wild herds, scientists have detected the presence of chronic wasting disease (CWD) prions in semen and sexual tissues of prion-infected whitetail deer bucks.

Necropsy image shows the effects of right heart failure associated with bovine pulmonary hypertension.
New Genetic Test Indicates Risk for Bovine Congestive Heart Failure

MatMaCorp has translated genetic risk factors, ARRDC3 and NFIA, into a rapid and cost-effective test for BCHF, an untreatable, fatal condition prevalent in feedlot cattle in the Western Great Plains of North America

Research Connects Drug Treatments and Antimicrobial Resistance in BRD

A new study from KSU on the treatment of non-responding cases of BRD sheds light on the relationship between drug treatments and the emergence of antimicrobial resistance.

W. Andy Tao and colleagues have developed a method to implant a chemical label that acts like a GPS tracker into live salmonella bacteria. Once inside the bacteria, the probe can be captured at any given time, showing in real time the proteins interacting with the bacteria.
Purdue Scientists Track Salmonella Infection in Real Time

Researchers have developed a chemical method — host and pathogen temporal interaction profiling, or HAPTIP — for labeling a living bacteria and tracking it as it invades a host cell.

CSU has tapped into expertise from across the university as well as industry in the design of the Sustainable Livestock Systems Collaborative.
CSU Establishes Sustainable Livestock Systems Collaborative

Colorado State University has announced the creation of a first-of-its-kind collaborative to support profitable, sustainable and healthy livestock production.

K-State Veterinarian Mike Sanderson, DVM, PhD, will lead the project to model outbreak and control scenarios for foot and mouth disease.
K-State Research Grants Target FMD, ASF

New veterinary medicine research projects take on foot-and-mouth disease and African swine fever.

Through a 2017 partnership with the Texas A&M University Medical Services Library, the Bovine Practitioner issues were scanned and digitized to provide high-quality searchable scans.
AABP, Texas A&M Create Bovine Practitioner Article Archive

Peer-reviewed articles on cattle health, science and management published in the American Association of Bovine Practitioners (AABP) Bovine Practitioner publication are available free online.

First identified in northern Colorado, CWD continues to spread in several U.S. states and in Canada.
Cautious Optimism on CWD

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) has, so far, remained confined to deer and related cervids, but scientists increasingly urge action to protect public health.

Purdue Researcher Takes on Antibiotic Resistance

Dr. Seleem’s expertise, and the focus of his research, is on developing new antimicrobials and improving delivery of drugs for the treatment of infectious diseases that affect both animals and humans. 

Proposals may address beef, dairy or both, and an effort will be made to award one beef and one dairy grant.
AABP Request for 2020 Proposals

The American Association of Bovine Practitioners (AABP) Foundation announces the availability of two grants supporting clinical research in cattle. Each grant will be for up to $25,000.

For the study, researchers analyzed ecosystems exposed to manure from cattle given no antibiotics and manure from cattle given a common antibiotic, as well as a control sample not exposed to manure.
Antibiotics Could Affect Soil Health

New research finds multiple effects on soil from exposure to manure from cows administered antibiotics.

A horned bull from a control group is flanked by two hornless offspring of a genome-edited bull.
Genome-Edited Bull Passes on Hornless Trait to Calves

Study Sheds Light on Future of Genome Editing in Livestock

In the black-and-white striped cows, the number of flies landing decreased by about half, resulting in a 20% reduction in fly-repelling behaviors.
Cows of a Different Stripe

Over the past 20 years or so, we’ve seen much of the U.S. cow herd shift toward black coats. Someday, perhaps the trend will become zebra stripes.

Using a combination of two or more products, from different anthelmintic classes, can boot efficacy well above that for either drug alone.
You Can Delay Drug Resistance in Parasites

In treating internal parasites in cattle, efficacy less than 100% eventually leads to at least some drug resistance.

Rachel Reams, DVM, PhD, serves as director of the MSU Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory.
MSU Scientists Test New Tech for Diagnosing CWD

Michigan State University and Michigan Department of Natural Resources scientists are testing a faster, more accurate way to screen and diagnosis chronic wasting disease, or CWD, in deer.

The report outlines specific goals and strategies for preserving availability of older livestock breeds and potentially critical genetic traits.
CAST Report Encourages Genetic Diversity

While genetic selection strategies around the world have improved livestock productivity and consistency, a lack of genetic diversity could put food production at risk.

Rumen Microbes the New Hot Topic of Cattle Nutrition Research

You may think you’re feeding cattle, but research suggests the key is feeding cattle’s rumen microbes. New research is discovering how those microbes interact.

PCR testing improves detection of Histophilus somni, probably finding positive samples missed by culture methods.
Genomic Tools for Understanding BRD

While environmental factors and host genetics heavily influence BRD morbidity rates, understanding the genomic and molecular biology tools also can improve our understanding of pathogens and beneficial microorganisms .

The protozoan Ophryoscolex spp. has a unique and complex cell structure. With an average length of 185 micrometers, it is one of the largest in the cow's rumen.
Researchers Assemble Genomic "Jigsaw" of Cow Gut Microbes

Using high-tech tools, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and their cooperators have taken a deep dive into the microbial "soup" of the cow's rumen.

The protozoan Ophryoscolex spp. has a unique and complex cell structure. With an average length of 185 micrometers, it is one of the largest in the cow's rumen.
Researchers Assemble Genomic "Jigsaw" of Cow Gut Microbes

​​​​​​​Using high-tech tools, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and their cooperators have taken a deep dive into the microbial "soup" of the cow's rumen.

NAHLN funding will support multiple projects that will enhance the ability of NAHLN laboratories to respond to an adverse animal health event.
APHIS Invites Proposals for Disease Prevention and Emergency Response

USDA is announcing the open period to apply for 2019 funding for the National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program and the National Animal Health Laboratory Network.

The CIDRAP CWD Resource Center is part of CIDRAP’s Chronic Wasting Disease Response, Research and Policy Program.
CIDRAP launches CWD Resource Center

The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) at the University of Minnesota announced today that it has launched a new online CIDRAP CWD Resource Center.

Professor Rainer Roehe says the study could improve yields as well as cattle health.
Cow Gut DNA Study Finds Bugs that Could Up Meat and Milk Yields

Cutting-edge DNA technologies have discovered thousands of bugs in cows’ stomachs that could improve meat and dairy production, and keep cattle healthy.

First Place: Veronica Munoz, West Texas A&M: Comparative Efficacy of Metaphylaxis with Tulathromycin and Pentavalent Modified-Live Virus Vaccine in High-Risk, Newly Received Feedlot Cattle.
Poster Session Highlights BRD Research

The recent BRD symposium featured a poster session, where graduate students exhibited cutting-edge research into prevention, detection and control of the BRD complex.

The plan also expands funding opportunities for the existing National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN).  
APHIS Plans to Invest in Vaccine Bank, Disease Preparedness

The USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is announcing initial plans to carry out new animal health activities using resources provided by the 2018 Farm Bill. 

John Maday
Germaphobes: Take Notice

Generally speaking, farm kids just seem healthier than their city cousins.

In these images of mouse brain infected with scrapie, the image on the left was treated with an inactive ASO and shows prion accumulation (brown). The image on the right was treated with an active ASO and shows little accumulation at a comparable timepoint.
Experimental Treatment Slows Prion Disease

Scientists using an experimental treatment have slowed the progression of scrapie, a degenerative central nervous disease caused by prions, in laboratory mice and greatly extended the rodents’ lives.

The Technology Transfer Session will take place during the NMC Annual Meeting, Jan. 28-31, 2020, in Orlando, Fla.
NMC Seeks Manuscript Submissions

Research highlights milk quality, udder health, mastitis research.

Zoetis targets livestock immunotherapies as alternatives to antibiotics.
Zoetis Establishes Veterinary Research Lab at CSU

The R&D incubator lab at Colorado State University brings livestock health research, jobs to Fort Collins.

The R&D incubator lab at Colorado State University brings livestock health research, jobs to Fort Collins
Zoetis Establishes Veterinary Research Lab at CSU

Zoetis targets livestock immunotherapies as alternatives to antibiotics.

John Maday
We Need a National Strategy for CWD

Control measures for CWD have mostly evolved on a state-by-state basis, with the exception of some broader controls over movement of captive cervids.

Feed efficiency improvements through genetic selection could significantly reduce production costs and benefit sustainability of beef production.
Researchers Identify Promising New Gene Markers for Feed Efficiency

Scientists at the University of Alberta have identified 19 genes that could serve as key markers for feed efficiency in cattle.

In addition to providing nutrients the calf uses directly, nursing influences the gut microbiome and potentially improves long-term immune responses.
Nursing Could Benefit Microbiome, Vaccine Response

In humans and all mammals, scientists have long known that mother’s milk provides optimum nutrition for early development and benefits in long-term health.

National Animal Germplasm Program coordinator Harvey Blackburn and technician Ginny Schmit place germplasm samples into a liquid nitrogen tank for long-term storage.
Unique Collection Reaches a Major Milestone

The germplasm collection is made up of samples of sperm, embryos, and tissues (e.g., ovaries and blood) of 167 breeds (36 species) of domesticated animals, such as cattle, pigs, chickens and sheep.

Highly buoyant embryos with long descent times fail to develop at a significantly higher rate compared with the rest of the cohort.
Objectivity in Sorting Embryos

Specific gravity test could help ensure embryo viability.

A cow naturally infected with M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis that is in the late stages of disease and has typical clinical signs such as weight loss, watery diarrhea, and general poor health. This cow is part of a study herd used in research on Johne’s disease at the National Animal Disease Center, Ames, Iowa.
MAP Protein Could Protect Against Johne’s Disease

A team of Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and university scientists is investigating a new “ingredient” for use in vaccinating cattle against Johne’s disease.

John Maday
Re-imagine the Research Poster

Veterinarians and animal scientists likely attend at least one or two poster sessions each year during scientific conferences, but might not learn as much as they could.

Professor Glenn Telling, director of the Prion Research Center at CSU (left), talks with Jifeng Bian, research assistant, about their chronic wasting disease research.
Researchers Develop Novel Gene-Targeted Approach for CWD Study

Infectious proteins called prions cause a group of related, fatal and incurable neurodegenerative disorders, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Dr. Amy Vincent is a medical veterinary officer with the ARS National Animal Diseases Center in Ames, Iowa.
ARS Veterinarian Honored for Scientific Achievement

Dr. Amy Vincent led in profiling the genetic evolution of swine influenza type A viruses (IAV) and how this affects the animals' immune responses to the pathogens.

Researchers developed a new methodology that – instead of focussing on the confirmed number of patients infected with the disease (impact) - monitors the number of survivors (‘adaptive capacity’). 
Researchers Develop Vulnerability Assessment for Zoonotic Diseases

Identifying vulnerabilities to outbreaks of Ebola and Lassa fever is possible following new research from the University of Surrey and University of Cambridge.

The ideal stocking rate would minimize fixed costs per head without negatively affecting milk production, reproduction and overall cow welfare.
Mimic Nature (Where You Can)

Dairy management systems that facilitate natural cow behavior could improve health, reproduction and productivity.

Distribution of LSDV cases in 2014.
Model Identifies High-Risk Areas for Lumpy Skin Disease in Cattle

Researchers have combined two separate computer models to identify areas at highest risk for outbreaks of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) in cattle.

$2 Million Granted to Michigan State for Dairy Feed Efficiency Study

Michigan State University has been awarded two separate $1 million grants to help fund research that aims to improve dairy cow feed efficiency.