While environmental factors and host genetics heavily influence BRD morbidity rates, understanding the genomic and molecular biology tools also can improve our understanding of pathogens and beneficial microorganisms .
While the cattle industry continues to refine preventive measures, treatments and overall management, feedlot morbidity, mortality and costs associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD) stubbornly refuse to improve.
Global shortages of vitamins A and E have pushed prices sharply higher for several months, forcing livestock producers and nutritionists to seek ways to control expenses while maintaining adequate nutrition in rations.
Beef producers weathered Winter Storm Goliath much better than dairy farms, but health may still be an issue down the road.
According to Oklahoma State University Extension livestock marketing specialist Derrell Peel, t