Glenn Selk, Oklahoma State University Emeritus Extension Animal Scientist
Recent Stories by Glenn Selk, Oklahoma State University Emeritus Extension Animal Scientist
The amount of water an animal requires can be estimated by the production stage and the weight of the cow or steer, say some Extension beef specialists.
If a small cow operation can market a sizeable number of calves together in one lot, it will realize a greater price per pound (on the average) than similar calves sold in singles or small lots.
Pinkeye has long been a costly nuisance with reduced beef production in the form of lower weight gain, milk production, body condition, and eventually even poorer reproduction can result from eye infections.
Weaning during very hot summer weather is stressful enough to the calves. Therefore, any management strategy that can reduce stress to the calves should be utilized.
Producers who synchronize and artificially inseminate replacement heifers or cows have already begun the process. If hot weather arrives during the AI season, some management and breeding alterations may be helpful.
Spring breeding seasons need to stay on time. Breeding seasons occurring during extremely hot weather can impact pregnancy rates in several ways.
Time is of the essence when a calving cow or heifer has a situation where the calf is coming backwards. If the umbilical cord is totally pinched by the pelvic rim, the calf can only survive about four minutes.
Body condition is categorized by a scoring system based on “1” being very emaciated and “9” is extremely obese. Most commercial range cows will be in the middle three scores of 4, 5, and 6.
Fall-calving herds will be breeding replacement heifers in late November. Now is the time to make certain that those heifers are ready for the upcoming breeding season.
Many Oklahoma ranchers choose to breed the replacement heifers about a month ahead of the mature cows in the herd.
Weaning during very hot summer weather is stressful enough to the calves. Therefore any management strategy that can reduce stress to the calves should be utilized.
All hay contains some mold, but when mold becomes noticeable the decisions become important.
Now we have another good excuse to cull cows due to bad temperament. Producers that routinely breed cows artificially realize that cows that are unruly and nervous are less likely to conceive by AI.
“Foot rot” is a common cause of lameness in beef cattle on pastures.
As the breeding season for spring calving herds is getting underway, understanding heat stress in cattle takes on increased importance.