The reports of illnesses related to the consumption of raw milk are increasing on an almost daily basis. In Boone County, Mo., this month, several people, including children, have developed E. coli infections from consumption of raw milk from the same farm.
Recently in Kansas and Pennsylvania, Campylobacter outbreaks associated with raw milk sickened individuals, over 70 of them in Pennsylvania.
In addition to those pathogens, raw milk can contain and/or transmit enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp, Listeria monocytogenes, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, Brucella spp, Coxiella burnetii, Yersinia enterocolitica and other bacteria.
Heat does not degrade components
Still, those who drink raw milk are passionate about it. Raw milk advocates continuously state that pasteurization destroys important components in milk that promote good health. But research in a chart by Jeff LeJeune, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVM, Ohio Agriculture Research and Development Center, in a 2009 Bovine Veterinarian article explains what pasteurization/heat treatment does – and more importantly doesn’t do – to those components in milk.
Raw-milk advocates claim that pasteurization fundamentally changes the structure of milk components, rendering it less healthful. However, said LeJeune in the article, “The claims of raw-milk advocates are mostly anecdotal and are not supported by scientific literature. The work looking at the effects of pasteurization that is published is subject to peer-review and unequivocally demonstrates that milk that has been pasteurized retains its valuable nutritional components.”
Read the Bovine Veterinarian article here.
View the chart on pastuerization’s effects on milk components here.