Prep before ruminant anesthesia

Domestic ruminants have a large rumen that is usually full of liquified materials and it does not empty completely even after a period of fasting. These animals are susceptible to complications associated with recumbency and anesthesia. Speaking at the 2012 Western Veterinary Conference last week, Hui-Chu Lin, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVA, Auburn University, said tympany, bloat, regurgitation, and aspiration pneumonia are common problems that should be anticipated and addressed with proper precautions. FULL STORY »

Cover the basics in a disaster

You and your clients can’t do enough planning to prepare for a disaster situation, whether that’s fire, floods, tornadoes or other unexpected disasters. Christine Navarre, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVIM, Louisiana State University, told attendees at the 2012 Western Veterinary Conference last week that veterinarians should help their cow-calf clients put, at the very least, basic emergency plans in place. FULL STORY »

WVC Food Animal Incentive Award Winners

At the 2012 Western Veterinary Conference this week in Las Vegas, five recipients of the WVC Food Animal Incentive Awards were honored. This award is given annually to five veterinarians engaged in a university or private practice internship or residency (first year) in food animal medicine, surgery, production medicine, theriogenology, or epidemiology. FULL STORY »

Calf hypothermia on grazing dairies

Young dairy calves are particularly susceptible to hypothermia because of poor insulation and high surface area to volume ratio. FULL STORY »

Recognizing toxicosis in cattle

Poisoning in food animals is infrequent occurrence but often explosive in scope, says Stan Casteel, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ABVT, University of Missouri. Casteel discusses some toxic substances that are often implicated in cattle poisoning, and their clinical signs that might point a veterinarian to a toxic cause of illness or death. FULL STORY »

Close-up dry cow nutrition

Late gestation nutrition has a large impact on multiple aspects of the cow’s productivity after freshening, says Charles T. Estill, VMD, PhD, Dipl. ACT, Oregon State University. FULL STORY »

The disease triad

Kelly Lechtenberg, DVM, PhD, Midwest Veterinary Services, Oakland, Neb., says there are three elements that make up the “disease triad” in feedlot cattle. Speaking at the 2011 Annual Western Veterinary Conference, Lechtenberg says those three elements are pathogen factors, host factors and environmental factors. FULL STORY »

5 Qs of colostrum management

First milking colostrum is an important source of nutrients, non-specific immune factors and passively absorbed maternal antibodies (immunoglobulins or Ig), critical to promote growth and to protect the newborn calf against infectious disease in the first weeks and months of life, says Sandra Godden, DVM, DVSc, University of Minnesota. FULL STORY »

Differentiate autolysis from tissue changes

Postmortems are routinely done on the feedlot. However, in order guard against misdiagnosis, it’s important to understand the process of autolysis and how it can change tissues over time. There is always a challenge of differentiating autolysis from a real lesion. FULL STORY »

Position the head of sedated cattle

Physical restraint is often necessary in food animal practice to facilitate completion of surgical procedures says David Anderson, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVS, Kansas State University, speaking at the 2011 83rd Annual Western Veterinary Conference. There are instances where general anesthesia is the more appropriate choice to provide patient control and comfort. FULL STORY »

Meningitis in calves

Newborn calves are particularly at risk for developing septicemia and meningitis since they are dependent upon colostral antibodies for immunity. FULL STORY »

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