Last week, the USDA announced $26.2 million in funding to combat porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) and porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV), along with a Federal Order requiring the reporting of new detections of these viruses. To address concerns over the new rule, USDA issued a fact sheet addressing frequently asked questions.

The Federal Order requires producers, veterinarians, and diagnostic laboratories to report all cases of new PEDv and PDCoV, to USDA or State animal health officials. Also, operations reporting these viruses must work with a veterinarian – either their herd veterinarian, or USDA or State animal health officials – to develop and implement a reasonable management plan to address the detected virus and prevent its spread.

Other key points include:

  • Reporting of of swine enteric coronavirus diseases (SECD), which include PEDv and PDCoV, begins immediately effective June 5, 2014. Electronic reporting from the diagnostic laboratories will be fully implemented by June 19,2014.
  • The report must contain a premises identification number, date the sample was collected, type of unit being sampled, test methods used to make the diagnosis and diagnostic test results.
  • USDA will use all applicable authorities to protect the confidentiality of information it collects.
  • USDA will seek to protect producer information from Freedom of Information Act requests to the fullest extent of the law.
  • Herd veterinarians will approve and follow herd management plans on client operations. The plan must be provided to USDA officials.
  • Regulatory action may be taken if producers, veterinarians or laboratories do not comply with the Federal Order requirements of reporting, having a herd management plan, and following that plan.
  • These actions could include official warnings, sanctions, penalties, fines or specific requirements to move pigs off affected farms.
  • Biosecurity and cleaning and disinfecting guidelines will be a part of the herd management plan, but USDA will not require specific actions, instead relying on the expertise of the herd veterinarian to determine best practices for an individual farm or site.
  • Affected premises will not be quarantined and will not have movement restrictions applied if they have and follow a herd management plan developed by their herd veterinarian.

Read more from USDA.