As expected, U.S. cattle inventories shrank again during 2013, although heifer numbers suggest a shift toward expansion. All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2014 totaled 87.7 million head, 2 percent below the 89.3 million on January 1, 2013, according to USDA’s Cattle report released on January 31. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since the 82.1 million on hand in 1951.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 38.3 million, were down 1 percent from the 38.5 million on January 1, 2013. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cows and heifers that have calved since the 36.8 million head in 1941.

• Beef cows, at 29.0 million, were down 1 percent from January 1, 2013.

• Milk cows, at 9.2 million, unchanged from January 1, 2013.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2014 and the change from January 1, 2013, are as follows:

• All heifers 500 pounds and over, 18.8 million, down 2 percent.

• Beef replacement heifers, 5.5 million, up 2 percent.

• Milk replacement heifers, 4.5 million, unchanged.

• Other heifers, 8.7 million, down 5 percent.

• Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 15.4 million, down 3 percent.

• Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.0 million, down 1 percent.

• Calves under 500 pounds, 13.3 million, down 4 percent.

• Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 12.7 million, down 5 percent.

• The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 24.7 million, down 3 percent.